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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-83

Clinicopathological profile of patients with bronchogenic carcinoma at a tertiary care center in Western India

1 Department of TB and Chest, P. D. U. Medical College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
2 Department of TB and Chest, Smt. NHL Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dharitri Thakkar
“Parijat,” Gyanjivan Society, Street No. 3, Raiya Road, Rajkot, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijrc.ijrc_47_18

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Background: Bronchogenic carcinoma is the most common malignancy all over the globe in terms of incidence and mortality, especially in males. Its increasing incidence in nonsmokers and females is also an important concern. Objectives: The objective of this study was to study various demographic, clinical, radiological, and histopathological features of patients with confirmed diagnosis of lung cancer. Patients and Methods: Patients with confirmed histopathological diagnosis of bronchogenic carcinoma attending a tertiary care center in western India were included in the study. Results: A total of 50patients were studied. Of 50, 45 were male and 5 were female. Average age of the patient was 59.92years. Forty-six(92%) patients were current or ex-smokers, whereas only 4patients were never-smokers. Cough(90%) followed by chest pain(62%) was the presenting symptom. Soft-tissue density mass lesion was the most common radiographic finding. Adenocarcinoma(36%) followed closely by squamous cell carcinoma(32%) was the diagnosed histological subtype. Of 50, 9(18%) patients had evidence of distant metastasis at the time of diagnosis. Conclusions: This study concludes that adenocarcinoma was the most common subtype even in smokers. Ahigh index of suspicion and prompt investigations in a patient with respiratory symptoms should be employed to diagnose patients at an early stage.

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